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Pali-English Dictionary

Being a student of Thought of Ambedkar, its essential to go through Buddhist Text i.e. Pali. But Pali is deliberately kept away from school/college course. Rahul Sankrityayan says, if you want to know that subject, start writing the book on that.


  • adj. – Adjective
  • dat. – Dative
  • f. – Feminine
  • inf. –  Infinitive
  • m. – Masculine
  • n. – Neuter
  • pro. – Pronoun
  • p.p. – Past Participle
  • pre. – Prefix 

Pali Words Starting with Letter A

Abhibhavati – (abhi+bhu) overcome

Abhibhu – conqueror

Abhidahati/abhidadhati/abhidheti – to declare, to point out

Abhidhamma – m. A set of seven Books;  1.Dhamma-Sangani 2.Vibhanga 3. Kathavatthu  4.Puggala Pannatti 5.Dha-tukatha 6. Yamaka 7.Patthana

Abhigacchati – (abhi+gamu)  goes near to

Abhijja – covetousness, (synonyme of lobha)

Abhijanati – (abhi+na) perceive

Abhinna – f. higher knowledge

Adaya – p.p. having taken

Adhibuta – p.p.mastered

Adhigacchati – (adhi+gamu) attain, aquire

Adhipateyya – supremacy, sovereignty

Adhisessati – (adhi+si) will lie uponAdhisila- a higher morality

Adhititthati – (adhi+tha) stand upon

Adhitthana – resolve, decision, resolution, determination

Adhivasati -(adhi+ vasa) dwell in

Adhivasetum – inf. of adhi+vasa, to bear

Adinnadana – taking what is not given

Aga – (gamu) went

Agacchati – (a+ gamu) come

Agatsmano – m. monastery

Agghanakam – value

Aggi – m. fire

Aha – n. day

Aham – (pro)

Aharati – (a+hara) brings

Aharupacchedam – food cutting, starving

Ahethayam – without injuring

Ahindanto – wandering

Ahosikamma – an act or thought which has no longer any potential force

Aja – m. goat

Akaliko – timeless, unconditioned by the time or season, with immediate result

Akasam ullanghi – rose to the sky

AkusalaKamma – unwholesome, De-meritorious acts. These are 10 Nos.- killing, stealing, un-chasteness, lying, slandering, harsh speech, frivolous talk, covetousness, ill will and false view

Alikavadi – m. lier

Ama – ind. yes

Amacca – m. minister

Ambara – n. garment

Amhakam – pro. our

Amhe – (pro.) we

Amu – (Pro) this, that, such

Amuke – so and so, such

Anagami – one who has attained the third stage of holiness( Non Returner).              

Anagarika  one who has the homeless life without formally entering the Sangha

Analhiyo – destitute

Anapanasati – mindfulness breathing, a meditation practice in which one maintains one’s attention and mindfulness on the sensation of breathing

Anapesi – Ordered

Anapayini – (Na+apayini). Here, ‘na’ is changed into ‘Oan’. Apayini is formed from apa+ aya (to go)Anatta- an(no) + atta (eternal self or metaphysical entities ). The Buddhist Doctrine of Anatta  teaches that neither within the bodily/mental phenomena of existence, nor outside of them can be found anything that could be regarded as a self-existing real entity or any other abiding substance. This is the principle doctrine of Buddhism.                    

Anicca – Impermanence. This is the central core of Buddhism. Every thing- be it living or non-living, mind or matter- is subjected to change. This is the law of Impermanence that things never persist in the same way, but they vanish/dissolve moment to moment. In fact, this is the law of Universe. From this law of Impermanence, other two characteristics; suffering (dukkha) and not-self (anatta) are derived. Sabbesankharaanicca i.e. whatever subject to origination is subject to cessation. Everything; be it living or non-living, mind or matter, is subjected to change. Things are changing all the time. They are not permanent. So are our thoughts, feelings and perceptions. The Buddhist Law of Causation explains the whole nature of the interdependency of our existence.Anna-adj.  other

Annada – giver of the food

Annatara – one of several, certain

Antevasiko – m. pupil

Antima – adj. last

Anto – in

Anu – pre. like, after, along, under

Anucchavkha kiccani –  (anu+chavi ka), according to one’s skin i.e. befitting, proper, suitable. Kiccani i.e.deeds, action, duties

Anugacchati – (anu + gamu) follows

Anulomato – in accordance with

Anupubbam – in due coarse

Anveti – (anu+eti) the present tense of ‘i’ to go. Here, ‘Ou’ is changed into ‘Ov’.

Apa – pre. from, away from

Apabbata – n. as far as the rock

Apagacchati – (apa + gamu) goes away

Apana – n. shop, market

Apara – adj. subsequent, other

Apasalaya – from the hall

Apeta-vinnano – bereft of consciousness

Apvada – m. abuse, blame

Api – ind.  over, near

Apidhana – n. cover, lid

Appa – adj. few, little

Appamada – earnestness, heed fulness, diligence

Appamanna – 1.Metta (Love) 2.Karuna (pity) 3.Mudita (sympathy) 4.Upekkha (equanimity)

Arahant – one who has attaindered the Nibbana. Ar(enemy)+ Hant(kill/defeat)  i. e. who has defeated 10 enemies (fetters)**Arama- m. temple, gardenAriya- noble e.g. Ariya Atthangika Magga.

Aroceti – (a + ruca) informs, tells, announces

Asaddhahanto – not believing

Asankhatadhamma – that which is not conditioned by any cause, Nibbana

Asakkonto – pres. participle of sakha (to bear),  Being unable

Asava – mental intoxication or defilement

Assa -mare

Asi – m. sword

Assa – m. horse

Asuka – so and so, such

Atavi – f. forest

Ativiya – adj.thoroughly

Atigacchati – (ati+gamu) overcomes

Atikkamati – (ati+ kamu) transgresses

Atta – m. self, the whole personality

Attabhave – personality, individuality, Be unto your selves

Attannuta – the quality of one who know oneself

Attha PurisPuggala – There are 4 stages to become Samyak-Smmbuddh (Enlighment).(i) Sotapanna (ii) Sakadagami (iii) Anamgami (iv) Arhat . The Noble individual who are runner of these 4 path and get the Phala, Four pairs of eight individual Noble.1(i). Sotapatti-Magga i.e. the path of stream-winner (ii). Sotapatti-Phala 2.(i) Sakadagami-Magga i.e. the path of Once-Returner(ii) Sakadagami-Phala 3. (i)Anagami  i. e. the path of  Non-Returner (ii) Anagami-Phala 4. Arahta – Magga  i.e. the path of Holy One (ii) Arahata-Phala.

Attha – m. meaning, matter, good

Atthangikamagga – The Eight-fold Path

Atthi – n. bone

Atura – illAvacarati- (ava+cara) transverses

Avaharati – (ava+hara) take away

Avajanati – (ava+na) despises

Avajjana – advertence of the mind towards the object.

Avakkamati -(ava+ kamu) descends

Avamannati – Ava+ mana) look down upon

Avatthito – settled

Avijja – unawareness, ignorance

Avuso – ind. friend, brother

Aya – n. iron

Ayasena – with trouble

Avekkheyya – (ava+ikkha) should reflect

Ayu – n. age

Pali Words Starting with Letter B

Bala – m. young, fool

Balata – f. childhood

Balatta – n. ignorance

Balavantu – m. powerful

Bahusacca – much learning, profound knowledge

Bandhumantu – m. he who has relation

Bebhar – to carry

Bhagava – the Blessed One, the Exalted One.

Bhajati – (bhaja) associates

Bhamaro – bee

Bhanati – (bhana) speaks, recites

Bhane – a term of address used by superiors to subordinates 

Bhante – ind. Reverend Sir

Bhariya – f. wife

Bhasati – (bhasa) to speak

Bhatu – m. brother

Bhattu – m. husband

Bhavati – (bhu) becomes

Bhaveti – (bhu) cultivates, develops

Bhikkhu – m. monk

Bhinna – p.p. broken

Bhu – to be

Bhunjati – (bhuji) eats,

Bhuta – being

Bodhisatta –  One who has resolved to attain enlightenment for the helping of his fellow beings.                  

Bru – to speak

Budh – to know

Byapda – ill will, hatred

Pali Words Starting with Letter C

Cakkam’va – (cakkam + iva)

Cara – (m) wrong conduct or living

Carati – (cara) wanders

Ceta – n. mind

Cetana – volition

Cetasika – mental concomitant

Chuddho – thrown away

Citta – mind, state of consciousness

Coreti/Corayati – (cura)  steals

Pali Words Starting with Letter D

Da – to give

Dakkhineyyo – worthy of gift

Danaggam – alms hall

Daraka – m. child

Darika – f. girl

Daru – n. wood, fire wood

Dasabala – the ten power of the Buddha

Dayaka – m. supporter

Deseti – (disa) preaches

Deti – (da)gives

Dha – to hold

Dhamma – m. Law, Truth, Doctrine

Dhammacakka – Law of Wheel, The Wheel of the Doctrine

Dhammadhara – m. versed in the Dhamma

Dhammika – rightous

Dhammanudhamma – Practice according to Dhamma

Dhammapada – This is highly venerated and esteemed sacred book of Buddhism. The Dhammapada comprising 423 moral and philosophical verses (Teaching) of Lord Buddha in Pali. 

Dhammasavanatthaya – for the purpose of hearing the dhamma

Dhatu – element

Dhavati – (dhava) runs

Dhitimantu – m. courageous one

Dhitu – f. daughter

Dhovati – (dhova) washes

Dhunati -(dhu) destroys

Dhutanga – voluntary ascetic practices that monk undertake as a long-term commitment in order to cultivate renunciation and contentment. There are such 13 practices- 1. Using only patched-up robes. 2. Using only one set of three robes. 3. Going for alms. 4.Not bypassing any donors on one’s alms path. 5. Eating no more than one meal a day .6. Eating only from the alms-bowl. 7. Refusing any food offered after the alms-round. 8. Living in the forest. 9. Living under a tree. 10. Living under the open sky. 11. Living in a cemetery. 12. Being content with whatever dwelling one has. 13. Not lying down.  

Dibbati (diva) – enjoys

Digha – adj. long

Dipado – giver of light

Ditthadhammo – m. saint

Ditthadhammavedaniya – immediately effective kamma

Ditthi – view

Dosa – aversion

Du – pre. bad, difficult

Du+channam – ill thatched

Duggati – f. evil state

Duggato – poor man

Duhitu -f. daughter

Dukkha – suffering

Dussila/duttha – wicked

Dvikkhattum – twice

Pali Words Starting with Letter E

Ekakhattum – once

Ekamsikam – adv. certain

Ettavata – to that extent, so far, thus

Ettha – here, herein

Etto – through, hence

Eva (ind) – just, quite, even, only

Evam – thus, in this way

Evam– ind. thus,  so

Pali Words Starting with Letter G

Gabbini+itthi – pregnant woman

Gacchati – (gamu) goes

Gahana+sajja – ready to seize

Gama – m. village

Gamato – gone to village

Gamakq – m. goer

Gamana – n. going

Gantukama – wishing to go

Ganhati – receive, seize

Garahanti – from Ogaraha’to condemn, despise

Garahito – (garaha+ta) is denounced, blamed

Garayha – blamable

Gata – p.p. of gamu, gone

Gati – f. state

Ghataye – should cause to kill

Ghosana – noisy

Gilana – m. stick perswon

Gunavantu – m. virtuous one

Gup – to keep, to watch

Pali Words Starting with Letter H

Ha – for the sake

Haneyya – (hana) should kill

Harati – (hara) carries

Hattha – m. hand

Have – ind. indeed, certainly

Hettha – (ind) under, down

Hi – indec. indeed

Hinayana – A thought of school of earlier Buddhism. The Thervada school of today is a descendent of the Hinayana.

Hirottappasampanna – hiri (modesty) + ottappa (fear) + sampanna (endowed with)

Hiyo – ind. yesterday

Hu – to be/ to sacrifice

Pali Words Starting with Letter I

Icchati – (isu) wishes, desires

Idani – ind. now

Idha – ind. here

Iha – here, in this place

Ima – pro. this

Issa – jealousy

Iti – thus, in this manner

Ito – ind. hence, from this place

Itara – adj. different, the remaining

Ittham – thus, in this manner

Iva – ind. like this, as

Isi – m. sage

Pali Words Starting with Letter J

Janati – know (na)

Jayati – (jana) arises, is born

Jati – birth, rebirth

Jettha – eldest

Jeyya – (ji) elder, would conquer

Jinati – (ji) – to conquer

Jivati – (jiva) lives

Pali Words Starting with Letter K

Ka – pro. who, which?

Kadariya – m. miser

Kalamakasi – did the time, died

Kamma –  In Buddhism, the Law of Kamma says; Good beget good and bad beget bad. And hence, one’s have to do ‘Kushal Kamma.’

Kammaja-vata – pains of child birth

Kamma kilittha – defiled actions

Kampati – (kampa)  shakes, wavers

Kaham/kuham – where in?

Kanna – f. maiden, virgin

Kanittha – adj. youngest

Kapano – poor

Karetva – p.p. of Karu, to do

Karoti – (kara) to do

Karuna – compassion. Karuna should be practice with wisdom. It is thought of peace meant to reduce  the pain of other fellow-beings that are not fortunate compared to oneself.

Karunayanto – pitying

Kasirena – with difficulty

katama – pro. what, which?

Katannu – m. grateful, gratitude

Katapunno – the doer of good

Katara – which, what?

Katham – how

Kathitam – p.p. of katha, to speak, said, uttered, spoken

Kati – how many

Kattha – where?

Kayira – (kara) would make

Khadati – (khada) eats, chews

Khajja – eatable

Khalu – ind

Khanati – (khana) digs

Khanti – f. Patience

Khetta – field

Khi – to govern

Khippam – ind. quickly, immediately

Khira – n. milk

Khuddaka – adj. small

Khya – to tell

Kilesa (Klesh) – defilement

Kim – ind. why, what? pray

Kilamakamsu – (kalam+akamsu) died, Sing, Kilamakasi.

Kilati – plays

Kira – is said

Kittavata – to what extent, how far?

Kodha – m. anger

Kodhana – irritable

Ku – to make a sound 

Kuddala – m. n. spade

kuhim – ind. where, in what place?

Kujjhati – (kuddha) gets angry Kunjara – m. elephant

Kusala – wholesome

Kusal Kamma – which does not harm either the doer or others. In Buddhism, such 10 Kusal Kammaare defined- 1. Dana (Generocity) 2. Sila (Virtue) 3. Bhavani (Mental culture-meditation) 4. Apacayana (reverence, act of respect) 5. Veyyavacca (service, rendering help) 6. Pattidana (transference of merit) 7. Pattanumodana (rejoicing in other’s merit) 8. Dhammasavana (listening to the Doctrine) 9. Dhammdesana (teaching the Doctrine) 10.Ditthijukamma (forming  correct views, establishing right understanding).

Kupodaka – well water

Kuto – ind. whence?

Kutra/kuttha – wither

Pali Words Starting with Letter L

Labhati – (labha) Receive, gets

Laddha+assasa – having obtained consolation

Likhati – (likha) writes

Lobh – m. Greed

Lokavidu – Knower of the cosmos

Pali Words Starting with Letter M

Maccena – by man

Maccu – m. death

Magga – m. the path

Mahanta – adj. big

Mahayana – the Northern thought of Schools. Mahayana give central place to compassion and dedicating ourselves to helping others.

Mahimsu – revered

Majja – n. an intoxicant

Majjhima – adj. Middle, appropriate, just right

Majjhima Patipada – the Middle Path. This is the Middle Path which the Perfect One discovered and expounded, which gives rise to vision and knowledge, which lead to peace, wisdom, enlightenment, and Nibbana.

Malagune – different garlands

Mama – pro. my, mine

Mam+anuggaha – have commpassion on me

Mannati – (mana) thinks

Manomaya – (mana+ omaya) . Here, suffix “omaya” means made off 

Manusatta – n. manhood  

Manosettha – mana+ settha

Mantvana – considering, thinking

Mara – Death, the evil one, The personification of evil and temptation

Matugama – women

Mayham – pro. my, mine

Metta –  loving kindness in the heart. Taking delight in one’s own goodness and that of others. It should be radiated in equal measure towards oneself, and to friends, enemies and neutral person regardless of their strength, whether they are seen or unseen.

Miccha – (adv) Falsely, wrongly

Migadaya – (m) a deer park

Miyanti – (mi) die

Modati – (muda) rejoices

Moha – Delusion

Mudita – Taking delight in one’s own goodness and that of others

Muhuttena – in a moment

Musa – (adv)  Falsely, lie

Musavada – false speech

Mutti – f. deliverance

Pali Words Starting with Letter N

Nabhasa – through the sky

Nama – mental phenomenon

Nana (n) – Understanding

Na – no, not

Namo – ind. honour

Nati – m. relatives

Natthi – absence

Natu – m. knower

Nayanta – leading

Nekkhamma – renunciation, freedom from sensual lust

Ni – To lead, to guide

Nibandham – frequently

Nibbana – To cease blowing, To become extinguished. Liberation from Greed, Hate and Delusion. Unbinding of  the mind from the mental effluents, Extinguishing of fire.

Nibbatta – p.p. of ni+vatu, born

Nidahati – (ni+daha) lays aside

Nidhati/Nidadhati/Nidheti – to put down

Nidhaya – ind. p.p. having left aside

Nigacchati – (ni+gamu) goes aways

Niharati – (ni+ hara) take away, remove

Nihita – p.p. of ni+dha. bear. Deposited, laid aside, set apart.

Nikkhamati – (ni+ khana) buries, Depart

Nikkhepada – Topic, theme, subject, point of discussion

Nilina – hidden

Nirotha – ceasation

Nisidati – (ni+ sada) sits

Nittanho – Desireless One (Arahant)

Nivattati – (ni+vatu) cease

Nivasam ganhi – took shelter

Nud – To remove

Pali Words Starting with Letter O

Odana – m. rice, cooked rice

Oja – f. essence

Okkamati – descent

Opanayiko – referring inwardly, to be brought inward, capable of being entered upon

Ovada – m. advice

Pali Words Starting with Letter P

Pabbajja – Going forth (from home to the homeless life)

Pabhu – powerful

Pacati – (paca) cooks

Pacchabaham – hands on the back

Paccattam – personal, individually

Paccattam Veditabbo Vinnuhiti – to be attained by the wise.

Paccuggamana – Rising to receive

Paccupatthana – Appearance

Paccupatthapetum – inf. of pati+upa+tha, to gather up

Padaparikattam – state of wife

Padutthena – (pa+dusa) to defile, to pollute p.p. of Opadusa. Here the suffix ‘Ota’is changed into ‘Ottha’. Similary, dittha – disa (to see), nattha- nasa (perish), dattha-dansa (to sting), ittha- isu (to wish) etc.

Paharati – (pa+hara) strikes

Pakkamati – (pa+kamu) sets out, goes aways

Pakkhipati – (pa+ khipa) throw in, puts in

Pakkosapesi – (pa+kusa) caused to be called, summoned

Pana – ind. but, however, further

Panatipata – Taking life, killing

Panna – f. Discernment, insight, wisdom, intelligence

Panna Sampada – Achievement of wisdom

Pannakara – m. present

Panditasotunam – to the wise hearers

Papunati – (pa+apa) arrives

Para – adj. Other, diffrent

Para – ind. away, aside, back, opposed to

Parabhava – m. decline, ruin

Parakkamati – (para+kamu) strives

Pari – pre. around, about

Pariccheda – m. chepter, extent, limit

Paridahati – (pari+daha) puts on

Paridhavati – (pari+dhava) runs about

Parigalitva – having glided off, slipped

Parikkhipati – (pari+ khipa) throw around

Parisujjhati – Purified

Paritta – verses of protection

Parivisitum – (pari+visa) food

Pariyatti – theoretically understanding of Dhamma, the scripture, the teaching to be studied

Paramita – Ten paramita (Perfection)- 1. Dana(Charity) 2. Sila (Morality) 3. Nekkhamma (Renunciation)  4. Panna (Wisdom) 5. Viriya (Energy) 6. Khanti (Patience) 7. Sacca (Thruthfullness) 8. Adhitthana (Determination) 9. Metta (Loving- kindness) 10. Uppekkha (Equanimity)

Pasannena – p.p. of ‘Opa’ + osada (to be pleased). Here, the suffix ‘Ota’ is changed into ‘Onna.’ Similarly, Obhinna – bhidi (to break), Chinna – chidi (to cut). Channa – chada (to cover) etc.

Pasattha – good

Pasamsanti – (pasamsa) praise

Patrasa – m morning meal

Patati – (pata) falls

Pathama – first

Pati – pre. again, against, back, towards

Patideti – (pati+da) gives in return

Paticca – on account of

Paticca samuppada – dependent origination. Lord Buddha says; everything  is the creation of its preceding cause and is in turn a cause of after effect. Therefore, what is in existence,  is an ever-changing flux. This is Law of Dependent Origination.

Patijagghahi – nourish, tend, look after

Patikkhamati – (pati+ kamu) retreats

Patilomam – backwards

Patipada – f. path, way, method, practice, course, conduct

Patipatti – the practice of Dhamma

Patitthati – to stand firmly

Pativadati – (pati+vada) answer

Pato – ind. early in morning

Pavisati – (pa+visa) enters

Paya – n. water, milk

Payati – (pa+ ya) goes farward

Payojana – n. use, need

Pecca – ind. p.p. of ni+i, to go,  Having gone, hereafter

Pema – m. attachment, love

Peseta – Sends

Peta (Preta) – one of the class of beings in the lower realms

Phale – fruition

Phus – to touch

Pipasita+amhi – I am thirsty.

Pita – adj. yellow

Pitha – n. chair, bench

Piti – f. joy

Pothaka – n. book

Precept – sila

Pubba – adj. first, former, early

Pubbangama – ( pubba+m+gama) going before

Pubbekatapunnata – to have done good deeds in past time

Pucchati – asks

Puggala – m. a person, individual. The four pairs of Noble individuals are those who have attaindered the Stream-entry Path and Fruit, the Once-Returners Path and Fruit, Never-Returners Path and Fruit  and Arahat Path and Fruit.

Puggalnnuta – the quality of one’s who know individuals

Pujeti – offers Punna – n. merit, good

Puppha – flower

Pureto – ind. in the presence

Puthujjana – worldly person, ordinary man

Putt – m. son

Puttika – he who has son

Pali Words Starting with Letter R

Raga – Passion

Rakkhati – protects

Ratana+ttaya+mamika –  devoted to the triple Gem

Rati – f. attachment

Ratti – night

Ratta – adj. red

Rattha – n. country, kingdom, realm

Rodaanto – pres. part. of rude, to lament, wail

Rukkha – m. tree

Rundhati – (rudhi) obstructs

Rupa – physical phenomenon

Pali Words Starting with Letter S

Sa – he

Sabbada – everyday

Sacca – truth, truthfulness

Saddhacetasa – with the heart of faith

Saddhim – with

Sadhu – an expression showing appreciation/agreement

Sakadagami – Ones returner. The second stage of sainthood. A person who has abandoned the first three fetters that has weakened the sensual passion and resistance.

Samanadhammam – duties of a monk

Samadhi – concentration, the practice of centering the mind in a single sensation

Samaggi – concord, unity, harmony, unanimity, union

Samagacchanti – come together

Samanera – a novice, one who is ordained by taking the Three Refuge and observe Ten Precepts

Samma-Sam-Buddha – Fully Enlightened one

Samativijjhati – (sam+ati+vijjha) penetrates through

Sameti – meets together

Samiddhim – prosperity

Samirati – (sam+ira) is shaken

Samsaro – Existence

Samudaya – cause, the origin of suffering

Sannam+datva – giving a sign

Sanditthiko – to be self realized, self-evident, immediately apparent, visible here and now

Sanghati – the outer robe of a Buddhist monk

Sanjanitva – recgnising

Sankhara – thought formation within the mind

Santati – continuty

Santhati/Santhahati/Santitthati – to stand

Santike – near

Sapateyyam – property, welth, provisions

Sarana – refuge

Sarirakiccam – bodily duties i.e. funeral ceremonies

Sasana – doctrine/legacy of Buddha

Sati – recollection, memory

Satta – a being, living being, creature, person

Sattasatthaham – seven weeks

Satthu – the Master, the Buddha

Settha – excellent

Sikkha – learning, study, training, discipline

Sila – virtue, the training precepts that restrain one from performing unskillful action, morality

Sonna+malahi – with garlands of gold

Sotapanna – sota (stream) + apanna (entered). Stream winner. The first stage of sainthood. A person who has abandoned the first three of the fetters and has thus entered the stream flowing inexorably/inevitably to Nibbana.

Sotu – hearer

Subh – to shine, be beautiful

Sugato – going to a good/happy destination

Sundara – good

Sutta – discourses/sermon by Lord Buddha or his contemporary disciples. After Buddha, the sutta were passed down in the Pali language according to a well-established oral tradition and were finally committed  to written form in Shri-Lanka around 100 BC. More than 10,000 suttas are collected in the Sutta-Pitaka, one of principle Buddhist scripture in Theravada thought of school. The Pali Sutta are widely regarded as the earliest record of the Buddha’s teaching. The general discourses and sermons delivered by Buddha are collected and classified into five Nikayas- 1. Digha Nikaya-34 Suttas 2. Majjhima Nikaya-152 Suttas 3. Samyutta Nikaya-7762 Suttas 4. Anguttara Nikaya-9557 Suttas 5. KhuddakaNikaya-Dhammapada Verses and Jataka stories.

Sutthu – excellent

Sutta-ppabuddho – risen from sleep

Sutva – hearing

Swakkhato – well taught

Pali Words Starting with Letter T

Tada – then

Taham – there

Tanha – craving, desire, thirst

Tanhakkhayo – he who destroyed craving

Tass – his

Tasanti – (tasa) tremble

Tathagata – One who has truly gone i.e. tatha-gata (Buddha)

Tatharupena aphasukhena – some such illness

Tati – So many

Tato – Thence, from that place

Tato patthaya – from that time, thence, forth

Tattha – there

Tava – so long, still, yet

Tavata – so far, to that extent, on that account

Tava – until (ind)

Teja – majesty

Tesam – their

Te -they

Tha – to stand

Thera – an elder , a senior member of order, a senior monk (of atleast 10 years standing)

Theragatha – verses of elders, name of the 8th division of the Khuddak Nikaya

Theri – a woman elder, senior nun

Theravada – The Doctrine of  Hinayana Thought of school. i.e. the early school of Buddhism. Currently, it is dominant in Thailand , Shri-Lanka,Burma Laos, Vietnam etc. This School of thought has preserved the method of meditation and freeing the mind. It emphasize personal freedom from suffering. 

Thupa – stupa, a relic mound, monument erected over the ashes of a holy person

Tidvara – the three doors of action;  body, speech, mind

Tipitaka – Pitaka means basket. Three baskets of Buddhism; Vinaya PitikaSutta Pitika and Abhidhamma Pitika.

Tiracchanagata – animal

Tisarana – The Three fold Refuge; the Buddha, Dhamma and Sangha

Tud – to know, destroy

Pali Words Starting with Letter U

Ugghosesi – shouted 

Upadharenti – (upa+dhara) to hold, take up, reflecting

Upakaddhati – Drag down

Upasaka/Upasika – A male/female lay follower of Buddhism

Upasampada – Acceptance; full ordination as a Bhikku/Bhikkuni

Upekkha – Aa sense of equanimity

Uttara – Upper, higher Utthati/utthahati – To stand up

Pali Words Starting with Letter V

Va – either, to blow

Vahato – to carry . Genitive case of ‘Ovahanta’ from ‘Ovaha’.

Vandati – salutes

Vanna – quality/praise, color

Vannapokkharataya – beauty of complexion

Vassa – rainy season,  retreat

Vatena – by wind

Vatta – death and rebirth of defilement within the mind

Vattati – right

Vattha – garment

Vayamati – tries

Vedana – Feeling of pleasure and pain (ease and stress)

Vegam janetva – accelerating the speed

Vejja – physician

Veyyavaccam-karonti – perform duties, render service

Vicikiccha – doubt, perplexity

Vidhametva – having vaniquished, having defeated 

Vihannati – perishes

Vihi – paddy

Vijja – knowledge

Vijayitum asakkonti – unable to give birth

Vikkhipati – scatters

Vimutti – release from the fabrication and convention of the mind

Vina – without

Vinnana – sensory consciousness

Vipaka – the consequenses and result of a past volitional action

Vipassati (vi+passa) – see clearly

Vipassna – clear intuitive insight into physical and mental phenomena as they arise and disappear.

Vippalapasi – (vi+pa+lapa) to speak, Speak confusedly, babble

Viriya – persistence, energy

Vissa – all

Viya – like

Vuddha – old

Vunnu – a wise man

Vutthi – rain

Vyakaroti (vi+a+kara) – expounds

Vyayam – effort, endevour

Pali Words Starting with Letter Y

  • Ya – pro. Who
  • Ya – that
  • Yac – To entreat
  • Yada – ind. When
  • Yakkha – Demon, a fallen angel, diety
  • Yannunaham – how, if I
  • Yatha – As, like
  • Yathakammam – according to deeds
  • Yathakkamena – in the due course
  • Yati – As many as
  • Yato – From what
  • Yatra – Where, wherein,whither
  • Yattha – Where, wherein,whither
  • Yava – till, so long
  • Yava – until, as long as, in order that
  • Yavata -As far as, because

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